An ideal option for patients and surgeons
CURRENT:HOME>Suffering from ENT disease

Suffering from ENT disorders

It has been our well-established expertise to offer patients effective treatment solutions for several of the most commonly seen ENT disorders. With our profound technology basis, we've been successfully rendering patients safer, efficient, less painful and traumatic surgical solutions, helping them go back to their normal life more rapidly with minimal surgical invasion.

Vasomotor rhinitis
Suffering from ENT disease Suffering from spinal disease Suffering from joint disease

Vasomotor Rhinitis

 

Vasomotor rhinitis, as the name itself implies, refers to the kind of nasal disorder induced by the abnormal vascular movement. Such disease can be caused by multiple pathogenic agents, but the disease mechanism is considered to be the same, which is, an excessive release of parasympathetic neurotransmitter and anapetia. It is believed that the deformity of nasal cavity, such as nasal septum deviation, is another contributing factor of this disease. This disease usually progresses over a long period of time, since the composition of nerve system involved in the vasodilation and glandular secretion of the nasal mucosa is complicated and the pathogenic agents for this disease are commonly hard to avoid.

 

Symptoms

Typical symptom of vasomotor rhinitis features nonseasonal sneezing, runny nose, stuffy nose and nasal mucosa swelling, happening more frequently in the morning and when the temperature or pressure changes.

 

Dominant symptoms of vasomotor rhinitis are as follows:

• Vasomotor rhinitis characterized by intermittent nasal congestion: for some patients, the symptom is severer in the morning and dies down during daytime, while for other patients, the symptom aggravates during the night, being accompanied by with alternative nasal congestion caused by changes in sleeping postures.

• Vasomotor rhinitis features runny nose: sudden increase of water-liked nasal mucus and episodic sneezing.

• Impaired sense of smell and feeling of dizziness caused by consistent swelling of the nasal mucosa.       

  

Causes

Vasomotor rhinitis, as the name itself implies, refers to the kind of rhinosinusitis induced by the abnormal vascular movement. Such disease be caused by multiple pathogenic agents, but the disease mechanism is considered to be the same as the excessive release of parasympathetic neurotransmitter and anapetia. It is believed that the deformity of nasal cavity, such as deviation of the nasal septum, is another contributing factor of this disease.

 

Causes for this disease can be categorized by into the following four types:

Emotional factors: Serious mental stress, feeling of fatigue and frequent emotional fluctuations over a long period of time stands out as a one of the determining factors for vasomotor rhinitis. Patients habitually having pressure and depression are often more susceptible to vasomotor rhinitis.

Environmental stimulation: Abrupt changes in weather, temperature or humidity could lead to a sudden onset of this disease. Air pollution particles, smog and dust, as well as chemical materials similar to ethyl are also potential contributors to this disease.

Endocrine factors: Vasomotor rhinitis are commonly seen among people in puberty, menopause and pregnancy. Diabetes, arteriosclerosis and hypothyroidism are also potential causes for this disease.

Drug-related impacts: Long-term use of antihypertensive or antihyperlipidemic can cause nasal edema; indiscriminate use of nasal drops often results in drug-induced rhinitis and dysfunction of the nasal mucosal nervous system.

 

Diagnosis

• Anterior nasal endoscopic examination shows no obvious change in the color of nasal mucosa.  The color of dark red is the indicator of hyperemia, light blue of dilated volume vessels, pale white of mucosal edema.

• X-ray examination shows infections and complications of nasal sinus.

 

Treatment options

Since the pathogenesis of vasomotor rhinitis is rather complicated, well-targeted treatment solutions should be adopted for patients with different symptoms.

 

Emotional treatment

A steady emotional state and a regular life pattern, as well as the alleviation of fatigue and anxiety can help lower the chance of developing this disease.

 

Medication therapy

     • Nasal decongestants: applicable for patients reporting with nasal congestion. However, this medication method should be applied discreetly in an intermittent manner, lest there should be any occurrence of drug-induced rhinitis. Sodium adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is considered to be effective in easing nasal congestion.

    • Antihistamine: effective for patients with obvious symptoms of nasal itching and sneezing.

    • Anticholinergic drug: for patients suffering from an abnormal amount of nasal mucous。

    • Antihistamine: applicable for patients with obvious symptoms of nasal itching and sneezing.

     Corticosteroid: its anti-inflammatory function helps relieve vasomotor rhinitis with obvious symptoms of sneezing, watery runny nose and nasal mucosal edema.

 

Surgical treatment

Patients showing one or more than one of the following symptoms may be considered as candidate for surgical treatment:

Obvious anatomical nasal deformity, such as nasal septum deviation.

Irreversible nasal disease, such as hyperthrophy of nasal turbinate or nasal polyp evolving from mucosal edema.

Previous studies have shown that since the nerves involving in vasodilation and the glandular secretion of the nasal mucosa are intricately distributed, a localized treatment targeting at a particular area is considered to be safer and more effective.

 

It is now widely accepted that the low temperature plasma radiofrequency ablation technology has become a major technique for curing vasomotor rhinitis. Gently reducing the volume of submucosal tissue of nasal turbinate and removing the overly reactive nerves under the mucosal tissue, this technique can effectively improve the airflow in nasal cavity and relieve relevant symptoms of sneezing runny nose. Compared with traditional surgical methods, which are often more painful for causing severer injuries, this technology is gentle, efficient and more patient-oriented.